How calories work and how to create a calorie deficit

Calories are units of energy that come from the food we eat. When we consume more calories than we burn through physical activity and metabolism, our bodies store the excess calories as fat. This can lead to weight gain over time. On the other hand, when we burn more calories than we consume, our bodies use stored fat for energy and we lose weight.

Creating a calorie deficit is an important part of weight loss. To do this, you need to consume fewer calories than you burn on a daily basis. This can be achieved through a combination of dietary changes and increased physical activity.

Here are some tips for creating a calorie deficit:

  1. Calculate your daily calorie needs: You can use an online calculator to estimate how many calories your body needs each day based on your age, gender, weight, and activity level.
  2. Track your food intake: Use a food diary or an app to keep track of what you eat and how many calories you consume each day. This will help you identify areas where you can make changes to reduce your calorie intake.
  3. Choose nutrient-dense foods: Focus on eating foods that are high in nutrients and low in calories, such as fruits, vegetables, lean protein, and whole grains.
  4. Reduce your portion sizes: Use smaller plates and bowls to help you eat smaller portions. This can help you feel satisfied with less food.
  5. Increase your physical activity: Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity per week. This can include activities such as walking, running, cycling, or swimming.
  6. Be consistent: Creating a calorie deficit takes time and effort. Be patient and consistent with your diet and exercise habits to see results over time.

Weight loss is not just about calories. It’s also important to focus on getting enough sleep, managing stress, and making sustainable lifestyle changes that you can maintain long-term. Consult with a healthcare professional before making any significant changes to your diet or exercise routine.

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